Type 01 FFLs

Type 01 Federal Firearms Licenses are the most common option for those who want to sell or do gunsmithing work on firearms. We’re going to go through the ins and outs of this class of FFL, including what it does and does not allow you to do, and the requirements to get one.

How FastBound Can Help Type 01 FFLs

FastBound provides an all-in-one software suite for managing all aspects of running a federal firearms licensee’s business. With our software, you can create unlimited, compliant bound books, turn any computer, tablet, or smartphone into a compliant 4473, and much more. All this is backed by an experienced, attorney-backed legal defense team to help with any issues.

Our service also provides multi-state background checks, form autocompletes, A&D record tracking for manufacturing, and automated multi-sale reporting to help lower the risk of license revocations and transfer denials.

Keeping up with your firearm business can be a struggle and staying completely compliant can be near impossible. FastBound gives you the peace of mind to know that your forms and transfers are completely ATF compliant, so you can get back to running your business.

Electronic 4473

FastBound™ transforms any computer, tablet, or even the buyer’s smartphone into a compliant 4473 with digital signature and digital storage support with no transaction fees or special hardware requirements.

Leading Integrations

With more integrations than any other FFL Software provider, our open REST API makes FastBound™ the leading choice among software provides who are serious about their customer’s firearms compliance.

Compliance backed by legal defense

FastBound™ was the first to engage an FFL law firm to back their FFL Software with a guaranteed legal defense related to the use of its software–often imitated, never duplicated.

What is a 01 FFL?

The various types of FFL can be essentially broken down into the following categories: Dealer, Manufacturer, Importer, and Other/Collector. There are nine different varieties of FFL (Type 01, Type 02, Type 03, Types 6-11) that mix various aspects of these categories and change what exactly you’re allowed to sell, import, manufacture, or collect.

There is no type 04, or type 05, just as a note.

The most basic of the license types is the Type 01 FFL, which is the easiest and cheapest to get, but also the most limiting in some ways, which we’ll get to in the next section.

A type 01 is suitable for those who want to buy and sell firearms for commercial gain, and gunsmiths who want to be able to do repair and alteration work on existing guns. You cannot manufacture any firearm, including simply assembling from a kit, with a type 01 license.

Advantages and Disadvantages of a Type 01 FFL

The advantage of this federal firearm license is that it requires the least amount of paperwork and has the lowest barrier to entry of any of the options available. And if all you want to do is buy and sell commercially-available firearms, this is a great option.

It’s also the perfect option if you’re looking to do basic gunsmith work like re-barreling a rifle, engraving, or simple repairs. You can receive and ship guns, and even customize existing ones for resale, you just can’t manufacture a firearm from raw materials.

You also can’t sell, make, or receive National Firearms Act (NFA) items such as short-barreled rifles or shotguns, suppressors, or anything fully-automatic. These items will require a different license and a Class 3 Special Occupational Taxholder designation to sell, and additional licenses to manufacture.

You also can’t make, import, or sell destructive devices (grenades, flamethrowers, etc)

All in all, the Type 01 is a great way to get your foot in the door as an FFL holder and start a firearm business. If you’re more of a machinist and you’re looking to make something to sell, then you’ll need to look elsewhere and get a different FFL type.

Beyond that, the Type 01 is the perfect place to start a firearms business and get yourself set up as a gun dealer.

01 FFL Requirements

The legal requirements for a type 01 FFL are fairly simple. There are state and federal requirements, but in general, if you’re allowed to own firearms and are above the age of 21, then you can get an FFL.

The basic federal requirements are:

  • Be at least 21 years of age
  • Be a US Citizen or legal permanent resident
  • Be legally permitted to possess firearms and ammunition (no felony convictions, no abuse of controlled substances, and no psychiatric issues that would disqualify you from owning a firearm)
  • Have a predetermined physical location for conducting your FFL activities
  • Have never violated the Gun Control Act or other firearms-based regulations
  • Fully and honestly fill out your FFL application and submit it appropriately to the United States Bureau of Alcohol Tobacco and Firearms (ATF)
  • Pay all related fees related to your application (for a type 01, it’s $200 to apply and then $90 to renew every 3 years).

The state requirements vary, but in most states, you will have to register your business with the state government, receive a state firearms license (after receiving your federal firearms license), and then receive local zoning permission based on the type of business activity you will be participating in.

Be sure that when you seek zoning permission, if you are a home-based FFL, to make it clear that you are not attempting to create a retail location, and will be generating minimal foot traffic to your area, as this is often a point of contention for home-based FFLs.

If you are looking to have a retail location, then of course you will need to follow all your local zoning restrictions.

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